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LOCAL fruits are wonderful to have in the garden. What could be better than enjoying home-grown fruits fresh off the tree? This week I would like to introduce two great fruit trees that are less likely to be found in gardens these days. It is native to the tropical Americas.
WATCH RELATED VIDEO: Huge Fruit Tree Collection of Perdana Botanic Gardens, Kuala Lumpur, MalaysiaContent:
- The amazing revival in the cultivation of tropical fruit trees
- How about planting these local fruits?
- The Easiest Fruits and Vegetables to Grow for Beginners
- Companies, individuals invited to contribute to 100 million tree-planting campaign
- Carambola: starfruit
- Malaysian Fruits – The Local Fruits of Malaysia
The amazing revival in the cultivation of tropical fruit trees
There are many tropical fruit trees grown for high income in South East Asia. These include pummelo, tamarind, guava, durian, longkong lanzones , magosteen, jackfruit, mango, and many others. I carried out recent updates on three kinds of fruit trees, namely, durian, mangosteen, and longkong by visiting the production regions in Malaysia and Thailand.
These countries are the leading and trendsetters in the cultivation of these fruit trees. What was observed was truly amazing! There is a grand revival in the cultivation of these fruit trees. This revival is propelled by the almost unlimited demand in the world market, particularly in China, Europe and Russia. China has recently signed an agreement with Malaysia to accept ten foot vans of durian fruits daily.
Thailand has long been a traditional supplier of durian in China and is now exporting huge volumes during the harvest season. In China, durian is both consumed as fruits and for producing highly demanded added-value products.
The price of durian ice cream, pastries, coffee, etc. These fruit trees are also the leading choices for retirement — planted as good source of income for buying medicine and vacation trips. They also provide the highest income as reforestation crops. In Malaysia and Thailand, it is common to see wide forestlands of these three crops. As native plants of Southeast Asia, these crops provide excellent reforestation land cover just like narra, molave, and others with one major difference: these fruit trees provide farmers with regular high income annually, while the commercial forest trees just provide ground cover, with limited income.
Modern durian farms are anchored on the planting of varieties like Musang King D which are early maturing and very prolific in producing quality fruits. In both Malaysia and Thailand, the old durian plantations are being rehabilitated. Old tall durian trees of low productivity or inferior variety are cut a meter above the ground and tap-worked to new varieties like D Musang King and other superior early maturing, disease resistance, and high yielding varieties.
New fields are being opened for cultivation by cutting rubber and oil palm trees and also include natural growing forest trees. Many environmentalists in Malaysia consider the expansion of durian cultivation as a new threat to the environment as naturally growing forest trees are cut and replaced with fruit trees, particularly durian. Their concern is unfounded as durian, mangosteen, and duku lanzones are native trees of the country which can provide very luxuriant and productive ground cover similar to many commercial forest trees.
Adequate care, particularly regular fertilization, makes the trees fruitful four years after planting. We noted trees with many fruits but the traditional marketplaces, which previously had abundant durian fruits, have now limited fruit displays; many are deformed and rejects. Large volume fruit markets as shown above are slowly disappearing in Thailand inspite of planting expansion.
The fruits become more expensive — three times the price than five years ago. More of the fruits produced are packed in production centers for foreign markets. Moreover, the price of the fruits was expensive — three or more times the price than five years ago. So we asked our Thai friends, where are the fruits? They pointed us to a typical durian community where several refrigerated 20 footer vans were lined up to be loaded with selected and classified fruits for export.
Indeed, the price of the fruits have gone up even in the domestic market, to the benefit of the fruit farmers. The increased income of the locals capacitated them to buy more durian fruits. This is a trend we also noted in the Philippines.The durian season in the Philippines is from August to October — a big potential for the Philippines to produce and export durian fruits to China.
Two years ago, I got two guests from Malaysia who wanted to partner with me in growing durian in the Philippines so they could extend in months their market for durian, and also to produce durian in the Philippines for Malaysia and Thailand during their off-season.
Last year, I started the revival of our fruit nursery — the innovative Thai nurseries serving as my models. Last March , I got a phone call from Darlene G. Sumastre, who put an order to buy LPM large-size planting materials of mangosteen seedlings and LPM of grafted durian.
Since she was calling from Canada, I told her that these fruit trees are not suitable to be planted there. She related that 16 years ago, before going to Canada to work as a nurse with her husband who now works as an engineer in the oil drilling company in Texas, USA, they bought from our nursery LPM of mangosteen, durian, and longkong, which they intercropped with coconut in Gingoog City, Misamis Oriental.
While she worked abroad, her retired mother, Clarita M. Guirnela, managed the farm, which she did excellently by following the techniques discussed in my books.
Among these three crops, the first choice of Darlene for expansion is mangosteen. She never experienced any mortality with mangosteen. According to Guirnela, the crop is easy to take care of, particularly with no spraying of pesticides.
No mortality was noted in the ten hectares ha of mangosteen planted in under my supervision. Guirnela related that during the last fruiting season, a buyer contracted 92 flowering mangosteen trees to harvest and buy the fruits for R, which were paid in advance — at flowering stage.
She also got good income from longkong and durian. While the couple earned high income abroad, they consider Canada and USA as lonely places for retirement. Her 72 year-old mother ensures that the plants are provided with adequate weeding, mulching, fertilization, irrigation, and pruning.
Their desire is to retire in the Philippines with friends and with these fruit trees giving them high income for sustenance and source of funds in going around the world. Retirement crops are viewed differently by people from different backgrounds and walks in life. A retiring lawyer in Makati who frequents Thailand asked me for a planting design and planting materials for a five hectare Nam Hom intercropped with longkong in Batangas.
A retired chief of staff of the AFP Armed Forces of the Philippines is also asking for my help in developing a combination of Nam Hom coconut and cacao in the province of Rizal. Moreover, I got a phone call from Carmelta Manlapaz, 72 years old, from Taytay, Rizal who is expanding her durian farm from one to four ha using the Puyat variety because she found it highly adaptable and profitable in their area. She related that caring for her trees keeps her young and healthy. This reminds me of the higher number of successful women fruit growers than men I met in Malaysia and Thailand.
Furthermore, a successful hotelier in Dumaguete City, Santiago Siera, is developing a farm with a majority of fruit trees including Nam Hom and Nam Wan coconut. I also know of a successful OCW Overseas Contract Worker in the USA who took a two-week vacation in Bacolod City last month to surprise his father by giving him a retirement farm composed of Nam Hom coconut in grateful appreciation of the support his father had given him while schooling in Manila years back.
While in the government service as a professor and researcher at the University of Southern Mindanao in Kabacan, Cotabato, I bought an eight-hectare farm of rugged, hilly, deforested grassland beside a river at the slope of Mt. Apo in Barangay Pangao-an, Magpet, Cotabato. That time, I sidelined on weekend as a consultant and was paid generously by Ambassador Danding Cojuangco. Acacia and bamboo trees were also planted along the river banks.
Now, these farms have become naturally-grown forests, creating a healthy and invigorating environment. The erosion of the sloping portion is prevented by planting forage grasses which are cut and fed to milking goats.
This coming harvest season, the fruits of the longkong trees at the flowering stage are already contracted by a Manila-based fruit distributor for RR1, per tree. My neighbors have income every 14 years from logging commercial forest trees. Their income is a fraction of what my farm annually provides. My children are developing the farm as a fruit-based resort to showcase the advantage of using high-value fruit trees for reforestation.
Cottages are being constructed using lumber sowed from selected mahogany and acacia trees I planted at the borders of the property.Those who are interested to view the productivity of the longkong trees from Narathiwat, Thailand are invited to a harvest festival on the fourth week of this month in my farm.
The farm is easily accessible by a cemented road from Kidapawan City. Moreover, the farm is extremely peaceful, healthful, and invigorating for a weekend vacation. We have reserved some longkong trees, free of contract, where guests and visitors can pick the fruits they want to buy and bring home. Some mangosteen trees, Musang King, and other durian varieties which are being rehabilitated, are available for viewing. We may also conduct an on-farm training on fruit tree production.
We are particularly inviting DENR personnel for a new and more innovative outlook on alternative reforestation techniques for high farm income and to overcome rural poverty. These are probably the oldest longkong trees in the Philippines. The large canopy of the trees produces from 1, to 1, kg of fruits annually. In Barangay Dagupan, Kabacan, Cotabato, we have 20 longkong trees which originated from the mother longkong tree in Narathiwat, Thailand.
The Thais consider this tree as the only source of true longkong, producing large bunches of aromatic, sweet, almost seedless, latexless fruits. The trees in Kabacan are almost 21 years old, providing big canopies, with each tree bearing an estimate of 1, to 1, kgs of fruits per tree this year Fig. Probably, these are the oldest longkong trees in the Philippines since I was the first Filipino to penetrate the jungle of Narathiwat, Thailand as I was told by the villagers to view what the Thais consider as the one and only original longkong tree.
The tree was almost years old at the time of my visit. Indeed, planting fruit trees ensures good income during retirement life and a good legacy to the next generation, as well as the environment. There is, however, a need to learn techniques on how to ensure that fruit trees would live for several generations.
In durian, this includes the selection of the right varieties such as King Kunyit, Puang Manee, Puyat, and Kradumtong; and for all crops, the techniques of good drainage, irrigation, and regular care for the plants. About Team Subscribe. The amazing revival in the cultivation of tropical fruit trees Pablito Pamplona March 5,
How about planting these local fruits?
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Buy Dwarf Fruit Tree online at Lazada Malaysia | ✓Free Shipping ✓Lowest Price Fruit Seeds Plants Seeds Flower Seeds Vegetable Bonsai Tree Live Plant.
The Easiest Fruits and Vegetables to Grow for Beginners
If so, choose late flowering varieties and avoid planting in frosty gullies. A gentle slope facing north or northeast is ideal. This allows good airflow within the tree and easy maintenance. This will encourage branching. These will be your fruiting branches. It also encourages fruit bearing wood. They only fruit once, so prune them off immediately after harvest otherwise they will become branches. Note: Some varieties of stone fruit are prone to bacterial canker disease. If so, reduce the risk of infection by delaying their pruning until spring, just before leaf development.
Companies, individuals invited to contribute to 100 million tree-planting campaign
The Rose Apple is one of many interesting fruits that, technically, is not an apple. The name Rose Apple can apply to any member of the Syzygium family that bears fruit. Rose Apples are native to Malaysia and were first brought to Hawaii in from Brazil. The earliest known evidence of the this apple in Florida dates back to sometime before
Welcome to Popular Tropical Fruits of Malaysia.
It was the start of Greening Malaysia agenda by planting million trees across the country, initiated by Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources Malaysia www. Despite being challenging and expensive, forest restoration efforts are immensely rewarding and beneficial as acknowledged by the ministry and the Malaysian government. Datuk Mashor Mohd. Datuk Dr. This is done with the engagement of local communities that also offers them an opportunity for an additional income stream and at the same time preserving the forest landscape. The programme will also enrich forest biodiversity in the selected area that will also act as wildlife corridors and wildlife refugia in the long run.
Malaysian Fruits – The Local Fruits of Malaysia
You feel that you should give them back to your neighbour. But… can you actually take the fruit for yourself? Most countries do have laws against overhanging branches. In Australia, each state has different laws for it. In Malaysia, it is the law of private nuisance that is applied… because well, having something growing into your compound is a nuisance.Private nuisance is defined as the unlawful interference with the use and enjoyment of land. There are three elements to private nuisance , all of which must be satisfied if you are to hold your neighbour accountable. So by letting their tree grow into your compound, they might be liable for private nuisance if the overhanging branches majorly affect how you use your home.
Jul 4, - Bud grafted rambutan trees are about 3 meters tall, while some old species can grow up to 10 meters tall.
The Jackfruit Artocarpus heterophyllus , also known as jack tree, jackfruit, or sometimes simply jack or jak, is a species of tree in the fig, mulberry, and breadfruit family Moraceae. Jackfruit is a huge tree that grows to as high as 30 meters, larger than mango, breadfruit, etc. It is believed to be indigenous to the Southwestern rain forests of India. Today, it widely cultivated in the tropical regions of the Indian subcontinent, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia and Brazil for its fruit, seeds, and wood.
Eat your heart out! When in season, the fruits of Malaysia are such in demand that we find many cars stop by at fruit sellers manning wooden stands and make-shift stalls along trunk roads and highways that run across the fruit gardens and kampung areas of the country. Malaysian fruits such as durians, rambutans, langsat, mangosteen, pineapples, water-melons and pomeloes are usually sold at these roadside stalls when they are in season, although they are also available at supermarkets and hypermarkets in the towns and cities. In the Malay kampung or village, we may find many of these fruit trees as they are usually very easily planted. Being tropical fruits, the seeds of the fruit trees and stems easily germinate when rain and sun combine to make them very conducive for growth. Some of the Malaysian fruits are seasonal, while others are available all year round, and some seem to fruit without reason, as and when they like!
In Plant-for-the-Planet began supporting Arme Menschen e.
The project will provide support and training for farmers from vulnerable families to develop an enterprise raising and selling high-value grafted fruit trees. By creating a shared source of income and access to fast-maturing fruit and nut trees, Fruits for Livelihoods aims to improve the security and nutrition of vulnerable families. The livelihoods of Embu County communities are deeply dependent on farming and other land use, which provide both incomes and food as well as other important resources. Fruits for Livelihoods will work with vulnerable families defined by the project as those with less than 1 acre and either female led or with 6 or more dependants who are most at risk from poverty and malnutrition. Planting fruit and nut trees is a popular way that local farmers can improve the productivity of their land. Through this project community-based self-help groups, with the help of MKEC, will establish four tree nurseries and train participants to graft their own high-quality fruit trees.
Young trees ready for sale. One of the fastest growing fruit trees is the Peach tree. They can be pruned annually to 12' x 12' producing as much as lbs.