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Transplant lettuce seedlings to the garden when they're one month old. Direct-planted lettuce seeds can grow into wide, tight garden rows. Head-forming lettuces take longer for harvest than loose-leaf types. Corry's Resources How to Grow Lettuce. How to Grow Lettuce Lettuce is one of the easiest crops you can grow in your garden. That holds true whether you love full lettuce heads or baby lettuce leaves.
WATCH RELATED VIDEO: How To Grow Lettuce From Seed-Full Information With UpdatesContent:
- How Do I Grow Lettuce?
- How to Plant & Grow Lettuce: Complete Guide
- Planting Guide - Lettuce Seeds
- Lettuce Growing Guide
- Hi, I'm Julia "The Gardening Girl".
- How to Grow Lettuce
- Lettuce Seeds
- Grow Leaf Lettuce: Harvest Beautiful, Nutritious Salads from Your Own Backyard
How Do I Grow Lettuce?
Lettuce, endive, and radicchio are leafy greens in the aster family. These plants originated in the Mediterranean region of southern Europe, eastern Asia and northern Africa.
Although they may form a long taproot, the smaller horizontal roots close to the surface absorb nearly all the water and nutrients used by the plant.
If the soil becomes dry or is low in nutrients, the plants will struggle to grow and their quality will be poor. Chicories are close relatives of lettuce, and you can grow them in similar ways. The coffee substitute called chicory comes from the dried roots of these plants. Try these varieties to add color and texture to your garden and flavor to your salads.
Starting seeds indoors gives you the chance to handle the seed in controlled conditions while it is still cold outside, as well as during the heat of the summer. Indoor air temperatures, easily managed fertility and water, and bright lights on a timer will produce strong plants. You can space young plants correctly in the garden without stooping to hand thin. Although the price of pelleted seed is higher than the unmodified seed, many gardeners get better results with less effort when they use prepared seeds.
Place the prepared seeds evenly every two to four inches. You will waste less seed and reduce the need to thin the plants as they grow. Blanching endive will grow white leaves in the heart of the plant and prevent excessive bitterness. About a month after transplanting, or six weeks after direct seeding, carefully tie the outer leaves up around the heart of the plant with string or rubber bands.
If you space the plants closely, they will develop more upright growth and will self-blanch to some degree. Both lettuce and the chicories do best in cool weather. Along the Lake Superior shore and in other cool parts of the state, you can grow lettuce and endive during most of the summer.
For most places in Minnesota, June, July and August conditions are too hot for these crops. These plants may bolt in response to long days, high light intensity, and heat. Bolting causes extreme bitter flavor. While lettuce breeders continue to grow varieties that are slow to bolt, there is always a chance that a planting will flower. Bolting ends the possibility of harvest. All rights reserved. The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. Home Yard and garden Find plants Vegetables Growing lettuce, endive and radicchio.
Quick facts Choose varieties adapted to cold climates and that have a short growth cycle. Start seeds indoors in early April for transplanting in late April and early May.
Fertilize soil for quick growth and keep the soil moist. Direct seed as soon as the soil is workable in April. Start seeds indoors in July for transplanting in August for a late season crop.
Harvest leaves frequently for fresh salads. Use row covers or low tunnels to protect seedlings and plants from freezing temperatures. Before planting Proper soil preparation is important for success with these salad crops. Open all Close all. Soil testing and fertilizer Have your soil tested. The best pH range for lettuce and chicories is between 6.
Apply phosphorus P and potassium K according to soil test recommendations. Many Minnesota soils have enough phosphorus. Unless your soil test report specifically recommends additional phosphorus, use a low- or no-phosphorus fertilizer.
Improve your soil by adding well-rotted manure or compost in spring or fall. Do not use fresh manure as it may contain harmful bacteria and may increase weed problems. The soil should be well drained and moisture retentive. Till the soil deeply, and then smooth the surface.Use a complete fertilizer such as a , at the rate of two pounds per square feet.
When the plants are about four inches tall, apply a side-dressing of the same fertilizer at a rate of one pound for each 25 feet of row. Do not use any fertilizer containing a weed killer "Weed and Feed" , as it may kill your vegetable plants. Selecting plants. Lettuce types Non-heading: loose-leaf, including oakleaf and lolla Soft heads: butterhead and bibb Ruffled heads: French crisp, summer crisp, or Batavia Tall, compact heads: cos or romaine Dense, solid head: crisphead or iceberg Loose-leaf varieties are easiest to grow.
Chicories: endive, escarole, radicchio and Italian dandelion Chicories are close relatives of lettuce, and you can grow them in similar ways.
Endive is a versatile salad and cooking green. Mild and sweet, with slight bitterness, curly endive is a common salad green. Escarole is a form of endive with broader, smoother leaves. Recipes usually call for cooked escarole. Belgian endive is an expensive winter specialty. In fall, dig up Belgian endive roots and store them in a root cellar. Give them complete darkness to produce small dense heads of pale leaves.
It is very difficult for a home gardener to grow Belgian endive successfully. Radicchio forms dense, bitter heads. Plant in summer for fall harvest.
Treat it the same as endive or lettuce. Radicchio needs about 60 to 70 days to mature, much longer than lettuce or endive. Although radicchio has some cold hardiness, it may not form a head before winter comes. Italian dandelion is another form of radicchio, a bitter green for salads or cooking.
It is easy to grow. Direct seed Italian dandelion in spring, summer or fall. Starting seed indoors. Direct seeding To direct seed lettuce, it is important that you prepare the soil ahead of time. A cloddy, clumpy seedbed will reduce seed germination and emergence.
Seeds of these plants are very small. It is easy to seed these crops too heavily or too deeply. The raw, untreated seed is difficult to see and handle. Consider buying pelleted seed. Inert clay-based material coats pelleted seeds and increases the size of the seed. They are easier to plant sparingly and precisely. The seed coating can also help with germination by taking up water and conducting it to the seed. If using unmodified seed, seed lightly and evenly down the row.
Sow seeds in the spring as soon as the soil is workable. For a fall crop, sow seed about three months before the average first fall frost date. Thin the seedlings when they are still small.
Try to do this without damaging the remaining plants. Clip off unwanted plants with a pair of small shears to avoid disturbing the other plants. Final plant spacing depends on the variety. Rows should be at least 18 inches apart. Loose-leaf lettuces can fill a wider spacing in fall, when the plants are likely to grow well and are less likely to bolt. When bolting, the plant sends up a flowering stalk and stops growing. Plant spacing for lettuce, endive, radicchio and Italian dandelion Plant spacing for lettuce, endive, radicchio and Italian dandelion Plant Harvest stage Spacing Italian dandelion To allow full growth 2 to 3 inches Leaf lettuce, frilly endive To pick at baby-leaf size 5 inches Leaf lettuce, frilly endive For full-size plants 10 to 12 inches Radicchio, head lettuce Mini head: 4 to 5 inch diameter 6 to 8 inches Radicchio, head lettuce For full-size plants 10 to 12 inches Endive To self-blanch 8 inches Endive To allow full growth 10 to 12 inches.
Blanching Blanching endive will grow white leaves in the heart of the plant and prevent excessive bitterness. Blanching takes about two weeks. Bolting Both lettuce and the chicories do best in cool weather.
How to keep your leafy greens healthy and productive. Watering Watering is important to grow these salad crops, as they have small, shallow root systems.
One inch of rainfall per week is adequate. If your soil is sandy, it is better to water more often than once a week. An inch of water will wet a sandy soil to a depth of ten inches, a heavy clay soil to six inches. Use a trowel to see how far down the soil is wet. If it is only an inch or two, keep the water running. When rainfall or watering follows a dry spell, the plants will suddenly resume growth.
Lettuce, endive and radicchio will be crisper if you water them often in the days prior to harvesting.
How to Plant & Grow Lettuce: Complete Guide
Lettuce is a cool-weather crop that grows best when the day temperatures are between 55 and 65 degrees F and the night temperatures are between 50 and 55 degrees F. Depending on the cultivar, temperatures, and day length, most lettuce cultivars are ready to pick in 5 to 7 weeks. Although fall is the best time to plant lettuce, it can also be planted in the early spring.New lettuce cultivars are being developed that are more tolerant to high heat, providing you with wider windows for planting and enjoying lettuce. Lettuce cultivars fall into four main categories or types: crisphead, loose leaf, romaine or cos , and butterhead semi-heading. Crisphead lettuce is the commonly known iceberg type. Crisphead types require 70 to 85 days to mature and can be grown in square-foot, raised-bed, and container gardens as well as traditional gardens.
Learn how to grow lettuce in your garden and in containers with these 6 tips. In the low desert of Arizona, plant lettuce seeds beginning in late August.
Planting Guide - Lettuce Seeds
Lettuce is the quintessential salad crop and can be grown by anyone. Lettuces come in a wide range of colours, shapes, sizes and types, and sometimes the most challenging part of growing them is deciding which ones to plant. The best advice on what variety of lettuce to grow is what you normally like to eat. There are two main types of lettuce; hearting lettuces, which have a dense centre, and loose-leaf lettuces, which have open leaves and no heart. Lettuces require full sun, plant them in soil that is rich in compost and make sure the soil drains quickly as they dislike having wet feet for any length of time. Like building a house a good foundation is the key to success in your garden. The better the soil, the better your plants will grow. If you are starting with an existing garden bed dig in organic matter like Tui Sheep Pellets and Tui Compost to your soil. Then you can add a layer of Tui Vegetable Mix. If planting in pots and containers, fill with Tui Vegetable Mix.
Lettuce Growing Guide
It has been a prized edible plant globally. Available in large varieties Lettuce alone can add flavour and color to salads. Grow it in containers in your kitchen garden as a filler crop and get a continuous supply of a plethora of shapes, flavors and textures. Lettuce grows best in rich, fertile soil that is well drained but retains moisture.
For the antsy gardener waiting in anticipation for the last spring frost, growing leaf lettuce eases the tension. Its fresh, vibrant leaves are quick to rise and are a welcome sight in the early weeks of spring.
Hi, I'm Julia "The Gardening Girl".
Lettuce can be divided into two major categories: leaf lettuce and head lettuce. Leaf lettuce has the greatest number of varieties available and is the most popular type for home gardens. Leaves are smooth or frilly in colors ranging from light to dark green and red to brown. Common lettuce favorites include romaine, butterhead and colorful leaf lettuce mixes. For summer plantings, it is important to select varieties with heat tolerance.
How to Grow Lettuce
Lettuce is one of the easiest, most-rewarding vegetables to grow in the garden, containers and Grow Tubs. Choose from a variety of types, including loose leaf, butterhead, romaine or cos, and crisphead. At Gurney's we grow a variety of lettuce seeds in our trial gardens and offer the lettuce seeds for sale that represent the best in garden performance and flavor. Gurney's offers both seed packets and the easy-to-use lettuce seed tape. Most gardeners grow leaf lettuce because it grows quickly and can be grown from early spring to early summer and again from late summer through late fall. Leaf color can vary from green to red hues. Also common and easy to grow are butterheads.
Since lettuce seeds ripen up to six weeks after the plant would normally be harvested, you must allow an extra six weeks in the garden before frost. (You might.
Are you ready to learn how to plant lettuce? This popular salad green is one of the easiest crops to grow in garden beds and containers and is ideal for spring and autumn harvesting. Growing your own lettuce is an easy way to save on grocery bills and enjoy months of homegrown organic greens.
Grow Leaf Lettuce: Harvest Beautiful, Nutritious Salads from Your Own BackyardRELATED VIDEO: PLANTING LETTUCE from seeds - Paano magtanim ng lettuce sa containers - SOIL and FERTILIZER TIPS
British Broadcasting Corporation Home. Rocket, lettuce, endive and radicchio are all really easy to grow. Follow our advice for a perfect crop. Bags of salad leaves are expensive to buy in supermarkets and because they're washed and ready to eat, they have a short lifespan in the fridge. By growing your own, you can pick the exact quantity and combination of colours that you want for each meal.
With the variety of colors, shapes and flavors available, your salads may never be the same.
I love to grow lettuce because it is easy to grow in any type of garden: school, container or backyard. Lettuce is easy to start from seed, will cut-and-come-again—meaning it will regrow when harvested—and is easy for everyone, including kids, to harvest and taste.Plus, it tastes superb picked fresh from the garden! First, choose the variety you want to plant. Leaf lettuces are the easiest to grow.
Lettuce is a fast-growing cool-season crop for spring and fall that is attractive in both vegetable and ornamental gardens and is suited to container gardening as well. The secret to sweet, tender lettuce is fast growth. So start with fertile, well-drained soil.